- Date: 2020/01/09 (Thu.)
- Place: W.W. 6th-floor, Colloquium Room
- Time: 16:00-19:00

- First Speaker: Katsushi Nakajima (Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University)
- Time: 16:00-17:30
- Title: TBA

- Second Speaker: Koya Sakakibara (Kyoto University)
- Time: 17:30-19:00
- Title: Numerical analysis of interface problem
- Abstract:

The interface appears in several problems, such as fluid dynamics between two different liquids. To study its evolution and dynamics forms the basis of the research in natural science. Although there are several mathematical studies for interfacial phenomena, they are, in general, so difficult, and numerical study becomes an essential tool in this field.

In this talk, I will talk about the numerical analysis of interface problem, and especially consider two issues: The Hele-Shaw problem and grain boundary. The Hele-Shaw problem describes the motion of viscous fluid in a quasi-two-dimensional space, which started from a short paper by Henry Selby Hele-Shaw (1854–1941). It is now recognized as a basic mathematical model to study the fingering phenomena (also known as the Saffman–Taylor instability), and several researchers have studied this problem; however, there are still several open questions. A problem on the grain boundary appears in the field of material science. A grain boundary is an interface between two grains, or crystallites, in a polycrystalline material. It is the two-dimensional defect in the crystal structure. The study of grain boundaries and their effects on the mechanical, electrical, and other properties of materials forms an essential topic in material science. My study aims to understand the mechanism of grain boundaries from mathematical and numerical points of view.

In the first half of this talk, I will explain this problem and construct some efficient numerical scheme based on the method of fundamental solutions and the asymptotic uniform distribution method. I will also briefly survey the geometric numerical integration, which aims to construct a numerical scheme which inherits properties of the original problem in some discrete sense. In the second half of this talk, I will move on to the problem on grain boundaries and consider manifold-valued total variation flows. I will introduce spatially discretized total variation flow and construct a numerical scheme using the exponential map of the manifold. I will also present an energy dissipation property and convergence result.